from LKDLAW P.C. legal website
Dating back to 1980, Laurence K. Donahoe has represented the Oklahoma Pawn Brokers Association as council.
This association had allowed Mr. Donahoe to be involved in the negotiations and drafting of new Oklahoman legislation on the matter, in which resulted the:
These following three Sections of the Pawnshop Act are where our offices find most of their requests by clients. We have provided you a link to the direct law as it sits now, however we would like to past bits of it onto our website for you to see internally, just keep in mind, that the most up to date wording will be found on the link for each section, versus what we have listed below. However, it should be a useful tool to help you understand at a glance what each of the sections cover.
A. At such times as the Administrator of Consumer Credit may deem necessary, the Administrator or a duly authorized representative of the Administrator may make an examination of the place of business of each licensee and may inquire into and examine the transactions, books, accounts, papers, correspondence and records of such licensee insofar as they pertain to the business regulated by the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act. Such books, accounts, papers, correspondence, records and property taken, purchased or received shall also be open for inspection at any reasonable time to federal law enforcement officials and the chief of police, district attorney, sheriff or written designee of the law enforcement body in whose jurisdiction the pawnshop is located, without any need of judicial writ or other process. In the course of an examination, the Administrator or duly authorized representative or any authorized peace officer shall have free access to the office, place of business, files, safes and vaults of such licensee, and shall have the right to make copies of any books, accounts, papers, correspondence and records insofar as they pertain to the business regulated by the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act. The Administrator or duly authorized representative may, during the course of such examination, administer oaths and examine any person under oath upon any subject pertinent to any matter about which the Administrator is authorized or required by the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act to consider, investigate or secure information. Any licensee who fails or refuses to permit the Administrator or duly authorized representative or any authorized peace officer to examine or make copies of such books or other relevant documents shall thereby be deemed in violation of the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act and such failure or refusal shall constitute grounds for the suspension or revocation of such license. The information obtained in the course of any examination or inspection shall be confidential, except in civil or administrative proceedings conducted by the Administrator, or criminal proceedings instituted by the state. Each licensee shall pay to the Administrator an examination fee. The Administrator may require payment of an examination fee either at the time of initial application, renewal of the license, or after an examination has been conducted.
B. Whenever a peace officer has probable cause to believe that property in possession of a licensed pawnbroker is stolen or embezzled, the peace officer of the local law enforcement agency of the municipality or other political subdivision in which the pawnshop resides may place a written hold order on the property. The initial term of the written hold order shall not exceed thirty (30) days. However, the holding period may be extended in successive thirty (30) day increments upon written notification prior to the expiration of the initial holding period. If the holding period has expired and has not been extended, the hold order shall be considered expired and no longer in effect, and title shall vest in the pawnbroker subject to any restrictions contained in the pawn contract. The initial written hold order shall contain the following information:
1. Signature of the pawnbroker or designee;
2. Name, title and identification number of the peace officer placing the hold order;
3. Name and address of the agency to which the peace officer is attached and the offense number;
4. Complete description of the property to be held, including model number, serial number and transaction number;
5. Name of agency reporting the property to be stolen or embezzled;
6. Mailing address of the pawnshop where the property is held; and
7. Expiration date of the holding period.
C. While a hold order is in effect, the pawnbroker may consent to release, upon written receipt, the stolen or embezzled property to the custody of the local law enforcement agency to which the peace officer placing the hold order is attached. The consent to release the stolen or embezzled property to the custody of law enforcement is not a waiver or release of the pawnbroker's property rights or interest in the property. Otherwise, the pawnbroker shall not release or dispose of the property except pursuant to a court order or the expiration of the holding period including all extensions. The district attorney's office shall notify the pawnbroker in writing in cases where criminal charges have been filed that the property may be needed as evidence. The notice shall contain the case number, the style of the case, and a description of the property. The pawnbroker shall hold such property until receiving notice of the disposition of the case from the district attorney's office. The district attorney's office shall notify the pawnbroker in writing within fifteen (15) days of the disposition of the case. Willful noncompliance of a pawnbroker to a written hold order shall be cause for the pawnbroker's license to either be suspended or revoked pursuant to paragraph 2 of subsection B of Section 1507 of this title. A hold order may be released prior to the expiration of any thirty-day holding period by written release from the agency placing the initial hold order.
D. For the purpose of discovering violations of the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act or of securing information required hereunder, the Administrator or duly authorized representative may investigate the books, accounts, papers, correspondence and records of any licensee or other person who the Administrator has reasonable cause to believe is violating any provision of the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act whether or not such person shall claim to be within the authority or scope of the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act. For the purpose of this section, any person who advertises for, solicits or holds himself out as willing to make pawn transactions shall be presumed to be a pawnbroker.
E. Each licensee shall keep or make available in this state such books and records relating to pawn transactions made under the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act as are necessary to enable the Administrator to determine whether the licensee is complying with the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act. Such books and records shall be consistent with accepted accounting practices.
F. Each licensee shall preserve or make available such books and records in this state relating to each of its pawn transactions for four (4) years from the date of the transaction, or two (2) years from the date of the final entry made thereon, whichever is later. Each licensee's system of records shall be accepted if it discloses such information as may be reasonably required under the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act. All agreements signed by customers shall be kept at an office in this state designated by the licensee, except when transferred under an agreement which gives the Administrator access thereto. All credit sales made by a pawnbroker, other than those sales defined in paragraph 6 of Section 1502 of this title as a pawn transaction, shall be made in accordance with and subject to the provisions of Title 14A of the Oklahoma Statutes.
G. Each licensee shall, annually on or before the first day of May or other date thereafter fixed by the Administrator, file a report with the Administrator setting forth such relevant information as the Administrator may reasonably require concerning the business and operations during the preceding calendar year for each licensed place of business conducted by such licensee within the state. Such report shall be made under oath and shall be in the form prescribed by the Administrator, who may make and publish annually a consolidated analysis and recapitulation of such reports, but the individual reports shall be held confidential. There shall be a late fee of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) if such report is not filed on or before the date fixed by the Administrator.
H. The Administrator may promulgate rules necessary for the enforcement of the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act consistent with all its provisions. Before making such a rule relating to the licensees subject to the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act, the Administrator shall give each licensee at least thirty (30) days' written notice of a public hearing, stating the time and place thereof and the terms or substance of the proposed regulation. At the hearing, any licensee or other person may be heard and may introduce evidence, data or arguments or place the same on file. The Administrator, after consideration of all relevant matters presented, shall adopt and promulgate every rule in written form, stating the date of adoption and date of promulgation. Each such rule shall be entered in a permanent record book which shall be public record and be kept in the Administrator's office. A copy of every rule shall be mailed to each licensee, and no such rule shall become effective until the expiration of at least twenty (20) days after such mailing. On the application of any person and payment of the cost thereof, the Administrator shall furnish such person a certified copy of such rule.
I. Except as otherwise expressly provided in the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act, the Administrative Procedures Act, Sections 250 et seq. and 250.3 et seq. of Title 75 of the Oklahoma Statutes, applies to and governs all administrative actions and civil proceedings taken by the Administrator pursuant to the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act.
Historical Data for Section 1508
Laws 1972, HB 1633, c. 255, § 8; Amended by Laws 1988, SB 483, c. 191, § 3, eff. November 1, 1988; Amended by Laws 1992, SB 514, c. 280, § 3, eff. September 1, 1992; Amended by Laws 2010, HB 2831, c. 415, § 17, emerg. eff. July 1, 2010 (superseded document available); Amended by Laws 2019, HB 1996, c. 107, § 2, eff. November 1, 2019 (superseded document available).
Municipalities may enact ordinances which are in compliance with but not more restrictive than the provisions of the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act, Section 1501 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Any existing or future order, ordinance or regulation which conflicts with this provision shall be null and void.
Historical Data for Section 1514
Laws 1988, SB 483, c. 191, § 8, eff. November 1, 1988.
A. Any pawnbroker shall make available a copy or report within two (2) days of any buy or pawn transaction to the local law enforcement agency of the municipality or other political subdivision in which the pawnshop is located; provided, merchandise bought on invoice from a manufacturer or wholesaler with an established place of business is exempt from this reporting requirement. However, such invoice shall be shown upon request to the Administrator or his duly authorized representative or any authorized peace officer. The pawnbroker may provide the transaction report to the local law enforcement agency by either electronically reporting the information in the transaction report to an electronic database accessible only by law enforcement agencies or by reporting a physical copy of the transaction report directly to the law enforcement agency. The transaction report shall include:
1. The name and address of the pawnshop;
2. The name, address, race, sex, weight, height, date of birth and either identification number of the seller or pledger as verified by either a state-issued identification card, driver's license or federal government-issued identification card or by readable fingerprint of right or left index finger on the back of the pawn or buy transaction copy to be retained for the pawnbroker's record;
3. The transaction number for the buy or pawn transaction;
4. The date and time of the transaction;
5. The manufacturer of the item;
6. A description of the item; and
7. The serial number and model number where available and any other identifying markings.
B. Items bought, except on invoice from a manufacturer or wholesaler with an established place of business, shall be held for ten (10) days before being disposed of or sold.
C. The pawnbroker shall obtain a written declaration of ownership from the seller or pledgor on all buy and pawn transactions, except refinance pawn transactions or merchandise bought from a manufacturer or wholesaler with an established place of business. The seller or pledgor shall be required to state how long he has owned the property described in the transaction. The declaration of ownership shall appear on the bill of sale or pawn ticket, to be completed by the seller or the pledgor at the time of the transaction.
Historical Data for Section 1515
Laws 1988, SB 483, c. 191, § 10, eff. November 1, 1988; Amended by Laws 1989, HB 1399, c. 217, § 2, eff. November 1, 1989; Amended by Laws 1992, SB 514, c. 280, § 6, eff. September 1, 1992; Amended by Laws 2016, SB 1017, c. 35, § 1, eff. November 1, 2016.
After reviewing how Laurence K. Donahoe was one of the main individuals involved in the construction of the Oklahoma Pawnshop Act, it is easy to see how Pawn Broker Rights are one of the main focuses of LKDLAW.
Review the following page for citations of Laurence K Donahoe & LKDLAW P.C.'s legal success.